CULTURE SHOCK: A Fish Out Of Water


The Five Stages of Culture Shock


1. Kalvero Oberg was one of the first writers to identify five distinct stages of culture shock. He found that all human beings experience the same feelings when they travel to or live in a different country or culture. He found that culture shock is almost like a disease: it has a cause, symptoms, and a cure.


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Notes on the text


"A fish out of water" is a metaphor for someone who feels uncomfortable in a new or unusual situation.

To learn more about metaphors, go to the Quiz button below. This will take you to the Quiz index where you will see a lesson on metaphors.

Words in English can often function in different ways depending on their context. For example, the word cure can be a noun or a verb depending on the way it is used. The list below contains words used in the text and tells you how they are used in the text. This will help you to focus on the dictionary meaning which is correct for this piece of writing.

stage: noun

culture: noun

shock: noun

disease: noun

symptoms: noun

cure: noun